News

Back

Energy, cities and EBRD Green Cities’ Energy Compact pledge

The fast pace of urbanisation – by 2025, more than 4.5 billion people will live in cities – means ever more energy is expended in urban areas. Major metropolitan areas account for around 70 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions, mainly to supply energy for lighting, heating, cooling and transport. This makes cities a key locus for tackling climate change. Since these emissions are so closely linked to global warming, which the 2015 Paris Agreement wants to limit to no more than 2C and if possible a more ambitious 1.5C, a key task for planners is to work out how to provide energy to growing city populations, without aggravating climate problems or worsening air quality.

 

This applies particularly to cities around the EBRD regions – central and eastern Europe, Central Asia, and the southern and eastern Mediterranean. The numerous challenges they face include insufficient infrastructure investment, demographic changes and poor air quality, all linked to a historical legacies of high energy and carbon intensity. Solving these problems in a holistic way was the inspiration behind the €3 billion EBRD Green Cities programme, which aims to help cities identify, prioritise and tackle these urban challenges to create more sustainable living spaces. It has proved so popular that, in its first five years, it has grown to include 49 cities.

 

There are multiple ways that cities can support the energy transition envisaged by the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 7 on clean and affordable energy. This SDG, part of a UN programme designed to to net-zero emissions by 2050 in line with the Paris Agreement, is at the heart of EBRD Green Cities’ work:

 

  • Extending the reach of Ulaanbaatar’s district heating contributes to ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services (7.1).

 

  • Introducing electric buses in Batumi improves energy efficiency by decarbonising urban transport (7.3); updating the water and wastewater treatment plant in Skopje reduces energy intensity and improves resource efficiency (the new plant will produce its own energy by burning sludge from sewage). Other energy efficiency projects agreed include refitting the buildings owned by the city of Chisinau, and retrofitting and thermo-modernising city buildings in Walbrzych, Poland, converting the heart source to either heating pumps or gas heating.

 

  • EBRD Green Cities is discussing ways to substantially increase the share of renewable energy in its cities (7.2).

 

  • By definition, GCAPS enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology (7.a). And, of course, the EBRD’s investment in projects identified through GCAPs promotes the goal of expanding infrastructure and upgrading technology to supply modern and sustainable energy services (7.b).

 

This September will see a UN initiative, the UN High Level Dialogue on Energy, urging organisations to make  voluntary commitments to support achieving the SDG by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050.

 

On 25 June, at the Ministerial Thematic Forums preparing for the Dialogue, the EBRD's Matthew Jordan-Tank, Director, Sustainable Infrastructure Policy & Project Preparation, unveiled the EBRD Green Cities Energy Compact, in which the EBRD joins other organisations in making its commitment. In the EBRD’s case, this involves a series of actions aimed at forwarding SDG7 within the EBRD Green Cities programme, tied to energy efficiency in buildings, urban mobility, water, waste management and digitalisation of city services.

 

The EBRD pledge is to complete 50 GCAPs by the end of 2023, from 18 GCAPs completed as of June 2021, and invest circa €1.9 billion in Green Cities priority investments by end 2023, from € 808m invested as of June 2021. It notes that the current annual impact of Green Cities investments of around 760,000 Co2e tonnes per annum translates into significant energy savings, and that each Green City makes an average of at least three investments (with or without EBRD financing) that address priority environmental challenges identified by the GCAP.

 

The EBRD Green Cities Compact ambitions for energy savings set out in June will be fleshed out over the summer to provide programme-level targets before the full launch during the UN High-Level Dialogue in New York.

 

About EBRD Green Cities: All cities with a population over 50,000 are welcome to become an EBRD Green City. On joining, members commit to a trigger project using EBRD finance, then, with support from the EBRD and expert consultancy advice, develop a Green City Action Plan (GCAP) tailored to their unique needs for environmental improvement. The city then uses this information to establish a 10-15 year vision for green development, as well as specific short-term actions that will help realise the vision.  

 

By Vanora Bennett 

 

EBRD Green Cities joins the Leadership for Urban Climate Investment (LUCI) - 19.07.21

Signing Ceremony - Green Cities Action Plan for Ankara Metropolitan Municipality - 08.07.2021

Energy, cities and EBRD Green Cities’ Energy Compact pledge - 25.06.2021

Amman GCAP launched for implementation - 14.06.2021

Sarajevo’s GCAP formally adopted by the Cantonal Assembly - 10.06.2021

Belgrade adopts its Green City Action Plan – 09.06.2021

Green Cities Annual Conference 2021: call for green finance and closer partnerships - 09.06.2021

Back to nature in the big city - 07.06.2021

EBRD Green Cities Annual Conference 2021: IEA’s Fatih Birol as keynote speaker - 07.06.2021

EBRD Green Cities welcomes Dnipro in Ukraine as its 49th member - 07.06.21

EBRD Green Cities welcomes Samarkand as its 48th member - 07.06.21

YeTTB Yashil shaharlar dasturi Samarqandni 48-a'zo sifatida qutlaydi - 07.06.21

Программа ЕБРР «Зеленые города» приветствует Самарканд в качестве 48-го участника - 07.06.21

Meet the Green Vision of Warsaw – through the city's new information platform - 01.06.2021

Istanbul joins EBRD Green Cities urban sustainability programme - 03.05.2021

EBRD Green Cities welcomes 6th of October City to its programme - 22.04.21

برنامج المدن الخضراء التابع للبنك الأوروبي لإعادة الإعمار والتنمية يرحب بانضمام مدينة 6 أكتوبر

Skopje to introduce first Bus Rapid Transit system in Western Balkans - 21.04.21

EBRD supports district heating improvements in Dushanbe - 14.04.21

New trolleybuses hit the road in Balti, Moldova - 01.04.21

Noile troleibuze au fost puse în circulație la Bălți - 01.04.21

Policies to make your city greener - 31.03.21

Women Leading on Green: a female perspective on sustainable planning - 11.03.21

Green City Mayor Erion Veliaj honoured as a hero of sustainable mobility - 03.03.21

Public consultation on draft GCAP for Belgrade - 25.02.21

Balti launches public consultation on environmental challenges - 20.02.21

Helping Polish ex-coal mining city of Wałbrzych revitalise its economy - 14.01.21

Amman to introduce new bus fleet under EBRD Green Cities programme - 31.12.20

مدينة عمان تطرح أسطولاً جديداً من الحافلات في إطار برنامج المدن الخضراء التابع للبنك الأوروبي لإعادة

Chisinau landfill revamp financed by EBRD, EIB, EU, its members, Moldova and Norway - 16.12.20

EBRD lends Ankara bus company €57.1 million to renew bus fleet - 10.12.2020

Electric buses for a greener Batumi - 04.12.20

Warszawa rozpoczyna prace nad „Planem działań na rzecz środowiska i klimatu” - 03.12.2020

Work starts on Warsaw’s Green City and Climate Action Plan - 03.12.20

New “GCAP 2.1” announced at sixth EBRD Green Cities webinar - 24.11.20

Flagship EBRD Green Cities doubles in size - 19.11.2020

Дан старт работе проекта «План действий «Зеленый город» (ПДЗГ)» - 10.11.20

Kick-off meeting for Dushanbe's Green City Action Plan - 10.11.20

EBRD, EU and multi-donor E5P-financed electric “green” buses arrive in Batumi - 20.10.2020

Green and inclusive: EBRD Green Cities webinar - 20.10.20

Ceremony marks Split becoming 41st EBRD Green City - 16.10.20

Putting 'Nature, people and planet at the heart of our economy' - 07.10.2020

EBRD and EU finance solid waste management in western Ukraine - 07.10.2020

Global Infrastructure Forum: panel on Green Cities and Smart Solutions - 07.10.20

How ‘smart’ can keep cities safer from pandemics- 07.07.2020

The Green Frontier Webinar - 01.07.20

Transition to Recovery Webinar - 09.06.20

EBRD welcomes Chisinau’s Green City Action Plan - 04.06.2020

EBRD welcomes Iasi, Romania, as 42nd Green City - 04.06.2020

EBRD finances modernisation of Tbilisi metro - 30.04.2020

It's good to talk: an impressive first EBRD Green Cities webinar - 29.04.2020

COVID-19: A message of solidarity - 15.05.2020

East Kazakhstan leadership act to transform two cities - 12.02.2020

STUDY ON URBAN VENTILATION CORRIDOR IN SARAJEVO – 01.10.2019

How Pristina can become a Green City - 24.09.2019

Novi Sad in Serbia to buy 30 CNG buses with €7m loan in EBRD urban greening programme - 23.08.2019

EBRD to improve water supply in Banja Luka - 13.09.2019

Shymkent joins EBRD Green Cities programme - 22.07.2019

Building a Better and More Sustainable Future for Cities - 08.07.2019

Cairo becomes 30th participant in fast-growing EBRD Green Cities - 03.07.2019

Green Climate Fund makes €87 million available to EBRD Green Cities - 2.7.2019

EBRD helps Moldova’s second largest city buy more new trolleybuses -03.06.2019

Fast-growing EBRD Green Cities signs up its 25th city - 08.05.2019

The Pearl of the Black Sea Goes Green - 28.03.2019

Skopje joins EBRD’s Green Cities programme - 27.03.2019

Kiev joins innovative EBRD Green Cities programme - 18.03.2019

EBRD to finance low-emission buses for Skopje - 29.01.2019

Podgorica joins EBRD Green Cities - 20.12.2018

Ulaanbaatar joins EBRD Green Cities - 30.11.2018

Preparing Zenica hospital for the future - 12.10.2018

EBRD and international donors improve solid waste management in Lviv - 01.06.2018

Amman joins EBRD Green Cities programme - 09.05.2018

EBRD’s Green Cities Framework kicks off in Minsk - 04.05.2018

Green buses on the streets of green city Tbilisi - 19.12.2017

EBRD puts on the heating in Banja Luka 13.11.2017

Tbilisi Green City Action Plan approved by local authorities - 29.09.2017

EBRD and multi-donor E5P fund to finance electric “green” buses for Batumi - 14.07.2017

EBRD provides €25 million loan to Sarajevo water - 11.05.2017

Show us your green #EBRDcity - 21.03.2017

Making Chisinau greener - 06.12.2016

How to become a Green City - 17.10.2016

Warsaw’s ‘emission reduction pathways’ workshops - 02-09.07.2021

Almaty Stakeholder Consultation Workshop - 07 & 08.07.2021

Event on “100 Climate Neutral Cities in Europe by 2030” – 21.06.2021

EBRD Green Cities Annual Conference 2021 - 08 & 09.06.2021

EBRD YEŞİL ŞEHİRLER YILLIK KONFERANSI 2021 - 08 & 09.06.2021

CONFÉRENCE ANNUELLE 2021 DE LA BERD SUR LES VILLES VERTES - 08 & 09.06.2021

ЕЖЕГОДНАЯ КОНФЕРЕНЦИЯ ЕБРР «ЗЕЛЕНЫЕ ГОРОДА» 2021 ГОД - 08 & 09.06.2021

08 & 09.06.21 - المؤتمر السنوي للمدن الخضراء 2021 للبنك الأوروبي لإعادة الإعمار والتنمية

Developing a green vision and objectives for Balti - 03 & 04.06.2021

Green Cities and Green Development Prospects Workshop - 07.06.2021

Kyiv GCAP stakeholder workshop on the city’s vision, objectives and actions – 11.06.2021

CogX Festival 2021 – Financing and designing net zero cities - 15.06.2021

Warsaw Green City Action Plan Series of Stakeholder Workshops - 17.05.2021

Dushanbe Green City Action Plan First Stakeholder Workshop - 18.05.2021

Pristina Green City Action Plan Actions Workshop - 28.04.2021

Mariupol Green City Action Plan: Launch event and first stakeholder workshop - 29.04.2021

Khmelnytskyi Green City Action Plan: Launch event and first stakeholder workshop - 28.04.2021

Green City Action Plan for Novi Sad Workshop Notification - 28.04.2021

Split Green City Action Plan kick-off meeting - 26.04.2021

Varna Green City Action Plan Stakeholder Workshops - 09.04.2021

Balti workshop on prioritising environmental challenges - 18.03.2021

EBRD Green Cities and GEI Webinar: Women Leading on Green - 11.03.2021

Warsaw Green City and Climate Action Plan (GCCAP) Launch Event - 03.12.2020

EBRD Green Cities Webinar #6: Creating Green Resilience in Cities - 24.11.2020

EBRD Green Cities Webinar: Hand in Hand – Green and Inclusive Recovery - 20.10.2020

EBRD Green Cities Webinar: Green Cities - smart solutions - 07.10.2020

Varna GCAP Public Consultation - 28.09.20 to 30.09.20

2020 Annual Assembly of ICLEI Taiwan Members & Sustainable City Forum - 29.07.2020

EBRD Green Cities Webinar: a Green Frontier - 01.07.2020

Pristina GCAP Public Consultation - 05.06.20 & 08/09.06.20

EBRD Green Cities Webinar: Transition to Recovery - 09.06.2020

Sofia GCAP Public Consultation - 27.04 - 27.05.2020

Sarajevo GCAP Public Consultation - 26.03 - 30.04.2020

World Urban Forum: EBRD Green Cities Linking Planning, Technology and Investment - 11.02.2020

Skopje GCAP Implementation - 24.01.2020

COP25 Event: EBRD Green Cities delivering policy and investments to scale up climate finance

Craiova GCAP Launch - 3.10.2019

Pristina GCAP Launch - 24.09.2019

Amman Green Actions Planning- 22.07.2019

Banja Luka GCAP Implementation - 11.07.2019

Ulaanbaatar Green Actions Planning - 27.06.2019

Sarajevo Green Actions Planning - 11.06.2019

Sarajevo Green City Action Plan Launch - 12.02.2019

Amman Prioritisation of Green Challenges - 11-12.06.2019

Minsk Green Actions Planning - 05.06.2019

Gyumri Green Actions Planning - 05.06.2019

Lviv Green Actions Planning - 29.05.2019

Batumi Green Actions Planning - 22.05.2019

Izmir GCAP Kick-Off Meeting - 2.05.2019

EBRD Green Cities: Building a better and more sustainable future for cities - 04.07.2019

Chisinau Green Actions Planning - 19.4.2019

Lviv Prioritisation of Green Challenges - 17.4.2019

Sarajevo Prioritisation of Green Challenges - 16.04.2019

Banja Luka Green Actions Planning - 12.04.2019

Sofia Green Actions Planning - 10.04.2019

Zenica Green Actions Planning - March 27 - 29 2019

Skopje GCAP Kick-Off Meeting - 27.03.2019

EBRD Sector Strategy Consultations - March 12 – 22 2019

Ulaanbaatar Prioritisation of Green Challenges- 06.03.2019

Batumi Prioritisation of Green Challenges- 28.02.2019

Amman GCAP Launch - 25.02.2019

Sarajevo GCAP Launch - 12.02.2019

Green City Action Plan Methodology

Stakeholder Engagement Guidance for Green City Action Plans

Green Cities Policy Report

Amman Green City Action Plan

Belgrade Green City Action Plan (local language)

Belgrade Green City Action Plan

Belgrade Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (local language)

Belgrade Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan

Sarajevo Green Cantonal Action Plan

Sarajevo Green Cantonal Action Plan (Local Language)

Batumi Green City Action Plan

Batumi Green City Action Plan (Georgian)

Tbilisi Green City Action Plan

Gyumri Green City Action Plan

Gyumri Green City Action Plan (Armenian)

Tirana Green City Action Plan

Tirana Green City Action Plan (Albanian)

Ulaanbaatar Green City Action Plan

Ulaanbaatar Green City Action Plan (Mongolian)

Yerevan Green City Action Plan

Zenica Green City Action Plan

Zenica Green City Action Plan (Local Language)

Study of Urban Ventilation Corridors and Impact of High-rise Buildings (Local Language)

Study of Urban Ventilation Corridors and Impact of High-rise Buildings (English)

Green Cities 2 - Window I (GCF)

Green Cities 2 - Window II

Green Cities 2 - Window II Extension

Inception Report for the Almaty GCAP (English)

Inception Report for the Almaty GCAP (Russian)

Chișinău Green City Action Plan

Sofia Green City Action Plan

Sofia Green City Action Plan (Bulgarian)

Chișinău Green City Action Plan (Romanian)

Green City Action Plan Methodology (Russian)

Skopje Green City Action Plan

Skopje Green City Action Plan (Local Language)

Banja Luka City Action Plan

Banja Luka City Action Plan (Local Language)

Izmir Green City Action Plan

Izmir Green City Action Plan (Turkish)

Craiova Green City Action Plan (Romanian)

Craiova Green City Action Plan